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5 Ways to Prepare Personal Finance Before Critical Illness Happens

No one wants to get sick, but the fact of the matter is as we grow older our bodies become more susceptible to serious and chronic illnesses. Depending on how we lived, where we lived, our genetic disposition and sometimes plain old luck, a good portion of the population eventually deals with a serious illness after age 50.

Thankfully, due to modern medicine and technology, we're able to live much longer than our grandparents from only 40 years ago, but with that advancement comes a cost, literally. The price of medical cures and treatment have grown astronomically, and in many situations, the cure can financially be much worse than the original sickness one came down with. Many seniors and even older working persons face the very real possibility that an illness can wipe out all their savings and even push a person to bankruptcy when the treatment costs hit. That said, there are things one can do to lessen or potentially avoid the hit before the illness occurs:

1. Health Insurance

A solid, comprehensive health insurance plan is a must. If still working, your employer is probably providing for that plan as part of your benefits, but you want to research and confirm how to take it with you at retirement. All of us are required to shift to Medicare at age certain, so you want to research how your plan or options transform when the Medicare change occurs as well.1 In any case, insurance is a must and the primary safety net to offset most costs. Keep in mind though, it won't cover everything and may limit treatments that might otherwise be more effective.

2. Long Term Care Insurance

If you have the option to sign up for LTC, do it. This is a true contingency health plan, as many may never have a need to call on LTC support. However, this coverage provides for care and support outside the initial treatment which is often needed and filled in by family because nobody can afford a nurse's cost up front.2 For critical accidents and illnesses that may make a person incapacitated for a long time, this is a second critical piece in the financial puzzle folks can secure when younger and costs far less now to maintain than trying to sign up when older. And here's an added benefit: the costs of LTC may be tax-deductible!3

3. A Health Savings Account

The HSA is a tax-shelter that allows you to take pre-tax money each year and save it for medical expenses.4 If the expenses are valid, the HSA money saved goes directly to covering out-of-pocket costs from co-pays to pharmaceuticals. This is a key tool people need to utilize when dealing with the gap between out-of-pocket amounts and when Medicare kicks in coverage each year.5

4. Don't Expect Your Children to Take Care of You

A generation ago, it was common, that one of your responsibilities as an adult was to take care of your parents in their old age. Although there are many people who still take on this responsibility,  this care is less common today. According to Roy Williams, President of Prestige Wealth Management Group, "Today's 50- and 60-year-olds are less likely to accept this responsibility for a number of reasons. The point is, if you expect your children to take care of you, think again. Sure, they might do it, but I suspect they'd consider it not an optimal arrangement at best."

5. Save, Save and Save Some More 

Plain old cash savings and investments are the glue and gap-filler that gives you the ability to deal with all the miscellaneous costs that come up when being sick. And it prevents you from having to raid your retirement accounts for the same. Just saving regularly for 30 or 40 years builds a nice nest egg and safety net that you are in full control of. And despite all the above, there will still be illness expenses that get through. You don't want those to go on a credit card, the common debt-creating alternative most people use in a panic.

Illness and sickness happen; it's part of our human function as our bodies get older. But you don't have to be a train wreck financially when it is time for treatment. Consult with a financial professional that understands the importance of planning for chronic illnesses, especially financially.

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1 https://www.medicare.gov/sign-up-change-plans/how-do-i-get-parts-a-b/part-a-part-b-sign-up-periods

2 https://fox13now.com/2018/11/16/booming-forward-long-term-care-insurance/

3 https://www.thinkadvisor.com/2018/11/19/irs-issues-new-tax-deductibility-limits-for-long-t/?slreturn=20181115133119

4 https://www.forbes.com/sites/robertfarrington/2018/12/12/health-savings-account-hsa/#33d0c0d31246

5 https://www.medicare.gov/your-medicare-costs/medicare-costs-at-a-glance

This content is developed from sources believed to be providing accurate information, and provided by Twenty Over Ten. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. The opinions expressed and material provided are for general information, and should not be considered a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security.